񿼿 櫽

..櫽 ӫߴ ߬ 16 Ӵ 1853 Ѽ ԡ

߬ ԫӿ Ѵ ᮽ 櫽(1820-1879) ѡ

ūѡ 񿼿ӫ.

ɫ Ե ӿѪ 5-6 ѡ ѽ ߬

, ի ߽߫.Oѵ ӫ񫽪 ӫ

ᡴߴ Ҭ, ٽ Ҫ Ӵ߬ ӫ߫ӫ. Ѽ ٽ

ӫ ѬѼٮ ԫӿ.

ūѡ 񿼿ӫ ٽ Ҭῡ߬-߬ Ѽ ѽ

Ѽ ӫ ѽ ߽ѽ Ѽԫ Ѭ 欫ӫ ..

櫽 . ҡ߽ Կ߬ү .

ᡫ ᡡ ߻߫ ӿԡ ի󡫼

Կ,߫ ٽ ´޿ ߽ ẫ᡿

߫߬ ѴѽԿ.

ẫ᡿ 5 ߬߬ ế 1869

ԫ ѡѼ ѡ 竽ү ߬ ế.

ެ ӫһ὿ -ߡ ߬ ޿ ѽѮ ѽٮ

߬ѻԿ ὿ ӿԿ ӫ߫.

ẫ᡿ 꼻ԫ߬ ߬߬

ҡ߿(1869-1873) ߴ ѼԿ߬ ҽ ѡѼ

񫻫ѽ ,߽ 2 ѽ ԫӿ-߫߬

ҽ. 1874 ӫ߽ ߽ѽѼ ߽ ի󡫮

Ѽ.ū߽ ᡿ ҡ߿ ᡿ ѡ ߫.

ūԫ ԫӿ ߫, 1875 ӿ߬ Һ

߫ ڿ ԫ߬ү ᵿ ỿ "ӿԿ ѡ

" ԫ ѡ Ѭԫ߬ ѴѽԿ. Ѭ ӫ

ѫԿ ,ӫ񡿬 󿺿-ѽѬ ᡡ ߬ᡡټ իټ

.

1881 1893 ᡿ߴ ѬԿ ὿ ԫ᡿ ԫӿ

߫. 1881-1883 3 ἴ ԫ߬.ū߽

ᬫ 1886 ټ ԫѬ߬ ѴѽѼ ѻ߬

ӫ߼ Ѭߴ ԫ. 󽴯ߴ

ѽ Ѽ.ƫ ߼ӿ ӫѼ ߽󴡫

.ū߽ ᡿ߴ ԫ ӫἿ ߫,

1889-"߫ ӿӫ",1892-1894-"߽ ",1887-"ūԿ

", 1897-1899-ѫԿ߬ ߫.

ū߽ ѡ Ӭټ ѫӿ ᡿ߴ ѫԿ߬ ߫Ѯ,

ի ᬫ ߫ү Ժ ѫԿ߬

ߴ ӫѡ. ߬ Ѫ ѺѼѡ

Ѭ,Ѭ ԫ߬ Ѯ.

߽񡿮 ӿ ,󽴴 Կ ѡ

Կӿ.

ߴ ӫ,߬ ߽.ԫ ٽ Ѻ񫼡ٮ

ѽѬ,Ѻ Ѽ Ѻ ӫѡ .ġ իߴ .

὿ իߴ ߻ټ , ټ.

-ѡ ѵ 31 1900 48

ӿ߬ӫ,Ѻ Ѭ ԫѡ ᡿.ūիӫѡ

Ѽ .

ġ Ὣ ߿ ߽ ,ѽ ӫ ߫߬ ҽӫ

Ӵѡ ի󡫮 .

, ӫ ѡ ӫ Ѽ ߽

ѡ.񿼿 櫽 ߻ ӫѽ ԫڿ

. ԫӿ ѵ 񿼿  1,ٽ

Ѫ,ѽѽѡ ѡ ޿ ѽټ Ἷ ,߽Ҫ

Ѭԫӫ ҡ߿ ٽ ѡټ ߫, ի

, ߬ѡ Ӭ.ġ ٽ ѻѽѼ ԫӿ

쿬 ǽѬӫ,١ ǽѬ 2. ޿ ١ 󫽫 (1849-

1903) ӫ ԫӿ߬ Ѽ, ūѡ Կտ

߬, ´(1862-1903),޿ 12 Ѯ ٽ ԫӿ

,ѻѽѼ ế, Žԫ.١ ´

櫽 -Ѯ ᮽ (1885-1942)ٽ Ѯ޿

߿󫽿ԫ ѡ 񿼿 ´ 櫽.

񿼿 櫽 ߽ ᡿ ҡ߿ Ѭ

߫. 1877 ѡ ᡴԿ ߫Ѯ

᡿,ڿ ԫ߬ү ᵿ ߫.ӿѺ ߬

ᬫߴ ƫԫ .. ѼѮ ӫ ..Ѯ ԫ

ѡ ١ Ѯ ߽.ġ ߻ Ѯ Ѫ

,Ѯ 29, Ѽ 24.ġ ҪѼ 3 Ѯ.櫽 իѽ Ѯ

ѡߴ , ԫ ٮ ,իԴ ѽ

ٽ ߡټ.ડ ߫᡿ ߯ ѽ Ѭߡ

ԡѡ ,Ԭߴ ѡߴ ԫ 1887.

ԫ ٽ .

Ҫ ٽ ῡѡ,

٬ѡ.￵ ѡѡ-߬, ޿ Ѽ ߿

Ἷ,Ѻѡټ,ԫڿ ڿ,߼Ӵڿ .

Ѵ 񽿡 ԫ Ҭ,ҡ Ӽ 󽴯ڿ

󫽫 . ӫѡ Ἣ.ѡ ߿

.߿ ѫ٬ѡ իѡټ ѡѼ,

, ӿԿ߬ ѡ.

ѡ ޡ ի ߫ ѽټ .

ߴ ԫ Ὣ,Ѻӡٮ ᡡٮ. Խ὿ ѻ

߫ѽ ԡѡ . ߼ ٽ ߫Ӫ᡿, ߼

櫬. Կ Խߴ .

߫߬ ӫѡ ٽ ὿Կ ԽὫ:

-὿Կ߬ ѬԿ

-ѡ ӫѡ ߫, ߫ ᬵ.ӫ ߡ

ѽ ᡿ ѽ ѽѬ.

-ԫ߬ ѫӿ ԡ߿ѽ ߽ Ӭ󡫮 ߬ Կ

ѽ.

ѡ ɫ߿ Ѽ ӫ ӫ ӫ ɫ߿ ٽ ߽Ѯ

ԫ 櫽.ԫ ߫ .



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